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Submission Guidelines
The ADP Blog is an open platform for practitioners and researchers working on development issues in Arab countries. The ADP welcomes blogs in Arabic, English and French.
 
Interested contributors are encouraged to submit their blog entries (word format, up to 700 words) by e-mail ADPblogs@arabdevelopmentportal.com, mentioning/including the following:
 

1Title of the blog

2Name of the author

3Link to source, if previously published

4Photos (if any – up to 500KB)

5Translated version of your blog (if available)

 

Please note that we reserve the right to introduce minimal edits to the submitted article to enhance the clarity of the text. Major edits will be shared with the contributors ahead of publishing.
  • Financial Development in Arab Countries

    Wafik Grais, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    A significant trove of literature supports the view that financial development is instrumental in supporting economic growth and poverty reduction (Levine 2004). Deep and inclusive financial sectors facilitate the creation of new firms, provide poorer households an opportunity to climb out of poverty, reduce income inequality and permit more effective risk management (World Bank 2008).[1]   For Arab countries, financial development is uneven across the four major dimensions characterizing financial institutions and markets—depth, access, efficiency, and stability. In...Read More
  • Tunisian Trade Policy in Context

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Since the 1970s, Tunisia has pursued a policy focused on export, and it continues to consider the manufacturing export-oriented services a high national priority. International trade has been essential to Tunisia’s economy, and its periods of accelerated growth have coincided with measures to open the economy to trade. In this context, the country liberalized its trade regime through unilateral tariff liberalization, reform of import procedures, and removal of many quantitative import restrictions. These trade facilitations have produced significant results, as illustrated by Tunisia...Read More
  • Poverty and Inequality in Tunisia

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Tunisia achieved rapid progress in reducing poverty in both rural and urban areas during the 2000s, continuing the progress made since independence in 1956. The incidence of extreme poverty (using the national poverty line) declined from 40% in 1960 to 4.6% in 2010. However, there are large geographic disparities among the regions because social conditions in Tunisia’s urban areas and coastal regions are much better than those in rural areas and the interior of the country.   Resulting estimates of the prevalence of poverty in Tunisia   As indicated in table 1,...Read More
  • Higher Education in Tunisia – Progress and Challenges

    Gley El Hadj, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Tunisia has indeed made significant leaps in investment and provision of higher education.  In 2012, spending on higher education accounted for 1.7% of GDP and 4.9% of total government expenditures. According to the Global Education Digest, expenditure per student reached 46.1% of GDP per capita, or US$4,101 (purchasing power parity) in 2010.[1] In addition, the Tunisian government awards grants on a merit-based status.  Students can receive refundable credits from social security funds upon request.   The most important reforms undertaken in higher education in...Read More
  • Fiscal Policy Reform: Short and Medium Term Targets

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Tunisia faces the challenging task of consolidating its fiscal accounts in a difficult sociopolitical and external environment. While the country pursued a generally conservative fiscal policy throughout the 2000s, with deficits declining from 3.8 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2000 to 1.3 percent in 2010, the fiscal deficit rose to 5.1 percent in 2012 and 7 percent in 2013 as the government shifted to an expansionary fiscal policy in the aftermath of the 2011 revolution, combined with a decline in economic activity. A similar trend was observed at the level of public...Read More
  • Balancing the Tunisian Tax System

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Fiscal reforms are urgently needed to reestablish macroeconomic equilibrium, promote investment and competitiveness for onshore and offshore sectors, strengthen revenue collection, and improve equity and raise transparency. In particular, tax and fiscal transfers to firms in Tunisia contain distortions and discourage investment, and also contain weaknesses and inequities.  Importantly, the Tunisian tax system’s distortions make the country’s income distribution even more unequal. Indeed, only one-third of Tunisia’s tax revenues are from direct taxes compared with two-thirds from...Read More
  • Unemployment in Egypt

    Ahmed Ghoneim [aghoneim@gmx.de], 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Unemployment has been an important challenge facing Egypt for more than two decades and remains so. Official statistics indicate that out of a labor force of 27 million people, around 3.5 million are unemployed. In addition, the unemployment rate reached 13 percent by the end of 2012, 4 percentage points higher than the pre-January 25, 2011 rate of about 9 percent in 2010 (CBE 2013). The unemployment problem is both supply and demand driven; no employment policy has yet been able to deal with unemployment in a comprehensive and efficient manner.   Several reasons may...Read More
  • Egypt's Limited Trade Integration in the Global Economy

    Wafik Grais, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    High vulnerability to external shocks does not imply that Egypt’s economy is highly integrated with the world economy. On the contrary, trade openness remains relatively low. Based on merchandise trade, trade openness was 19 percent in 2000, 39 percent in 2005, and 39 percent in 2011. When services are factored in, openness increases significantly—36 percent in 2000, 62 percent in 2005, and 53.3 percent in 2011[1]—reflecting the important role that services play (mainly tourism and transport).   Trade liberalization accelerated in the 1990s, as trade reform was implemented...Read More
  • Egypt's Fiscal Policy

    Wafik Grais, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Fiscal policy reform in Egypt is crucial for several reasons—improving the social protection framework, including the subsidy system's efficiency, ensuring better coordination with monetary policy, and fostering economic growth. Yet reform is difficult due to political dynamics, high poverty levels,[1] strong reliance on social safety net subsidies, and a weak information database on subsidy targeting.   Fiscal policy underwent major changes from 1991 to 2013. The 1991 adoption of the Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Program[2] led the government to adopt more...Read More
  • Achieving Macroeconomic Stability in Egypt: Overcoming Structural Impediments

    Wafik Grais, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Since the mid-2000s, Egypt's macroeconomic policies have failed to achieve sustainable  macroeconomic balances, partly because of  structural features. The subsidy system, bloated civil service, and debt servicing constrained the authorities’ ability to tackle the fiscal deficit. The inefficient food subsidy system added to fiscal woes. Total subsidies increased from significantly between 2007/08 and 2011/12. However, shares in GDP of total public spending, the budget deficit, and subsidies declined over the same period (MOF 2013a).   Since 2005, fuel subsidies...Read More

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