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Submission Guidelines
The ADP Blog is an open platform for practitioners and researchers working on development issues in Arab countries. The ADP welcomes blogs in Arabic, English and French.
 
Interested contributors are encouraged to submit their blog entries (word format, up to 700 words) by e-mail ADPblogs@arabdevelopmentportal.com, mentioning/including the following:
 

1Title of the blog

2Name of the author

3Link to source, if previously published

4Photos (if any – up to 500KB)

5Translated version of your blog (if available)

 

Please note that we reserve the right to introduce minimal edits to the submitted article to enhance the clarity of the text. Major edits will be shared with the contributors ahead of publishing.
  • Tunisian Financial Systems – The Non-Banking Sector

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    The nonbank financial sector is relatively limited. Tunisia has a modest insurance sector. The equity and fixed-income markets are still small, with a market capitalization equal to 24% of GDP, lower than in regional peer countries such as Jordan (112%) and Morocco (76%). The private equity industry remains marginal, and the leasing sector accounted for 15% of private gross fixed capital formation in 2010.   Insurance sector   In Tunisia, there are currently 22 insurance companies including 13 multiline companies; five specialized companies (two specializing in...Read More
  • Nonwage Benefits

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Wages are a major element of employment and workers’ incomes. However, wages can be too low to allow workers a socially acceptable living standard, while employment can be unsafe or result in damage to health in the long run. Also in the long term, workers face the risk of old-age insecurity. Over the life cycle, the decision to work or not and the intensity of employment can be affected by changing household conditions, such as maternity. Unemployment is another risk that most workers might face at one point or another in their lives. As a result, workers may be given benefits for...Read More
  • Improving Arab Water Regulatory Systems for Increased Efficiency

    Shibu B. Dhar, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Arab countries have yet to adopt the legal and regulatory framework necessary for municipal water and sanitation services. In most countries, central governments are both the service providers and regulators. Few countries are implementing water and wastewater treatment infrastructure facilities under public-private partnership (PPP) arrangements. Irrespective of service providers, public or private, citizens deserve the right to universal access to water and sanitation services. These services should be provided, of acceptable quality, by utilities and at socially acceptable tariffs...Read More
  • Egypt's Trade Policy

    Ahmed Ghoneim [aghoneim@gmx.de], 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Trade policy reform in Egypt is a complex and dynamic phenomenon that continues to be subject to domestic politics and external interests and pressures that are not always trade oriented (El-Mikawy and Ghoneim 2003). In the 1990s and into the 2000s, Egypt’s trade policy became more open on unilateral, regional, and multilateral levels. A move toward diversification of Egypt’s main trading partners was observed in the 1990s, during which Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) were signed with African, Arab, and European countries. Domestic and foreign incentives and pressures to engage...Read More
  • Lessons Learned from Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure in the Arab World: A Cautionary Tale – Part III

    Julia Devlin, 05 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Reality check: Not all public-private partnership (PPP) projects in the Arab world are a success. Less successful projects have been hindered by a number of factors, such as: choosing PPP arrangements and sectors with limited global experience; insufficient government guarantees in the absence of adequate regulatory and legal provisions; high demand risk; a lack of preparedness on the part of government entities; and weak inter-ministerial coordination.   A recent World Bank project in Egypt, West Delta Water Conservation and Irrigation Rehabilitation, offers some useful...Read More
  • Lessons Learned from Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure in the Arab World: Success Stories – Part II

    Julia Devlin, 05 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    In a growing number of successful public-private partnerships (PPPs) in the Arab world, factors that have contributed to good outcomes include: experienced international and local investors; infrastructure construction combined with service maintenance; and, in some cases, innovative financing coupled with a competitive and transparent procurement and bidding process. In general, PPP arrangements have been aligned with global practices and addressed critical local needs and infrastructure services gaps. Innovative public entities play an important role as do strong legal and...Read More
  • Lessons Learned from Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure in the Arab World – Part I

    Julia Devlin, 05 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    While private sector participation in infrastructure in the Arab world has tended to lag behind other middle-income regions, public-private partnerships (PPPs) have increased markedly since the 1990s. Most PPPs are concentrated in the telecommunications and energy sectors, similar to global trends, with a rising number of water and sewerage projects and transport transactions. PPP growth is in line with infrastructure development across the Arab world, which has outpaced other developing regions, most notably in electricity generation, transport (paved roads), and water and...Read More
  • Water Consumption in Agriculture

    Shibu B. Dhar, 05 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    While the population explosion and excess personal usage strain water supplies across the Arab region, a second source of water stress is that of agriculture. Agriculture is the major driver of economy and food security and employs over 21 percent of the population in Middle East and North African (MENA) countries. Most MENA countries use 75 percent to 90 percent of their water resources for the agricultural sector. All countries are net importers of food. No one knows better than MENA farmers that agriculture depends on water. Because the region is prone to drought, lack of water...Read More
  • Egypt's Credit and Monetary Policies

    Ahmed Ghoneim [aghoneim@gmx.de], 05 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Egypt's monetary policy has changed over the past two decades. The 1991 Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Program (ESRAP)—adopted in collaboration with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund—dramatically changed the role of monetary policy, which was geared to anchoring the nominal exchange rate, even after the ERSAP program, until 2003. But the vulnerability of the economy in terms of foreign exchange earnings emphasized the importance of addressing exchange rate issues.   Institutional setup and exchange rate system   The institutional...Read More
  • Current Tunisian Monetary Policy

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 05 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Monetary sector policy should aim at containing inflation, preserving foreign exchange reserves, and strengthening the banking sector to address numerous economic and social challenges. Tunisia’s major medium-term concerns are to reduce high unemployment, especially among the youth and to mitigate regional economic disparities by establishing foundations for higher and more inclusive economic growth.   Since the 2011 revolution, the country has faced significant macroeconomic imbalances as authorities focused largely towards appeasing social demands and the vulnerabilities...Read More

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