Submission Guidelines
The ADP Blog is an open platform for practitioners and researchers working on development issues in Arab countries. The ADP welcomes blogs in Arabic, English and French.
Interested contributors are encouraged to submit their blog entries (word format, up to 700 words) by e-mail, mentioning/including the following:

1Title of the blog

2Name of the author

3Link to source, if previously published

4Photos (if any – up to 500KB)

5Translated version of your blog (if available)


Please note that we reserve the right to introduce minimal edits to the submitted article to enhance the clarity of the text. Major edits will be shared with the contributors ahead of publishing.
  • Incentives and Diversification of Foreign Direct Investment

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Relative to other developing countries and comparators in the Arab World, Tunisia has maintained relatively high levels of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), which have contributed to growth performance. The creation of an offshore regime in 1971 enabled a shift from an inward development orientation to an outward development orientation, reduced the anti-export bias inherent in the strict import-substitution policy of the 1960s and contributed significantly to economic performance. It also allowed Tunisia to attract FDI, break into global manufacturing chains and create massive jobs...Read More
  • Minimum Wages: Globally and in the Arab World

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Although only 52 countries have ratified the International Convention on Minimum Wage Fixing (C131, 1970), practically all countries have some institutionalized form of setting wages and labor laws regulating the contracts between employers and workers. Algeria, Iraq, Egypt, Morocco, and Yemen ratified the convention, but government-mandated wages and guidelines are found in Comoros, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, and Tunisia.   In absolute terms, minimum wages are higher in high-income countries, but in relative terms, they are higher in...Read More
  • Treating Wastewater Like Water: Increasing Treatment and Reuse

    Shibu B. Dhar, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Would you drink treated wastewater from the toilet? Even if you say no, I know that you have been drinking it on a regular basis, if you live in the United States or many other parts of the world. Let me explain. I have visited wastewater treatment facilities in Orange County, Florida, Imperial County, California, Las Vegas, Nevada, and Phoenix, Arizona. All orange orchards in Florida and some in California are irrigated by treated wastewater. The beginnings of a delicious freshly squeezed orange juice in a Whole Foods store most likely originated in someone’s toilet. Frozen Florida...Read More
  • Strengthening Tunisia’s ICT and Tech Potential – Part II

    Gley El Hadj, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Given that ICT has already provided a powerful boost to the Tunisia’s growth and competitiveness in recent years, the government has already engaged in creating a more robust regulatory environment, promoting best practices in tech development and addressing some of the biggest consumer drags on the ICT and technology sectors’ growth.   Creating a More Robust Regulatory Environment   Since 2000, Tunisia has been drafting, implementing and executing regulatory regulations that promote both conformity of platforms and promote ICT competition.  In addition to...Read More
  • A Good Start for ICT in Tunisia – Part I

    Gley El Hadj, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Digitization and information and communication technologies (ICTs) are widely recognized as key catalysts in transforming a nation’s economy and improving citizen well-being. Full use of ICTs also offers new ways of creating value, boosting higher productivity, engendering economic growth, and creating new quality jobs in the current hyper connected digital economic world.   In Tunisia, the ICT sector, including the telecommunications, software, services, and multimedia industries, is dynamic and a priority sector, with one of the highest growth rates (14.6 percent in 2012...Read More
  • Poverty in Egypt

    Ahmed Ghoneim [], 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Poverty in Egypt has remained high and vulnerable to changes in gross domestic product (GDP) growth rates. By February 2009, an estimated almost 21 percent of the population or approximately 13.5 million lived below the national poverty line.[1] According to the World Bank (2009), the poverty situation improved in 2008, compared to 2004/05 (figure 1).   Figure 1: Aggregate Poverty Measures, 1990/91–2008 (%) Sources: Kheir-El-Din and El-Laithy 2006; World Bank 2009. Note: P0 is a measure of incidence of poverty; P1 measures the depth of poverty measured by the...Read More
  • Tunisian Financial Systems – The Non-Banking Sector

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    The nonbank financial sector is relatively limited. Tunisia has a modest insurance sector. The equity and fixed-income markets are still small, with a market capitalization equal to 24% of GDP, lower than in regional peer countries such as Jordan (112%) and Morocco (76%). The private equity industry remains marginal, and the leasing sector accounted for 15% of private gross fixed capital formation in 2010.   Insurance sector   In Tunisia, there are currently 22 insurance companies including 13 multiline companies; five specialized companies (two specializing in...Read More
  • Nonwage Benefits

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Wages are a major element of employment and workers’ incomes. However, wages can be too low to allow workers a socially acceptable living standard, while employment can be unsafe or result in damage to health in the long run. Also in the long term, workers face the risk of old-age insecurity. Over the life cycle, the decision to work or not and the intensity of employment can be affected by changing household conditions, such as maternity. Unemployment is another risk that most workers might face at one point or another in their lives. As a result, workers may be given benefits for...Read More
  • Improving Arab Water Regulatory Systems for Increased Efficiency

    Shibu B. Dhar, 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Arab countries have yet to adopt the legal and regulatory framework necessary for municipal water and sanitation services. In most countries, central governments are both the service providers and regulators. Few countries are implementing water and wastewater treatment infrastructure facilities under public-private partnership (PPP) arrangements. Irrespective of service providers, public or private, citizens deserve the right to universal access to water and sanitation services. These services should be provided, of acceptable quality, by utilities and at socially acceptable tariffs...Read More
  • Egypt's Trade Policy

    Ahmed Ghoneim [], 06 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Trade policy reform in Egypt is a complex and dynamic phenomenon that continues to be subject to domestic politics and external interests and pressures that are not always trade oriented (El-Mikawy and Ghoneim 2003). In the 1990s and into the 2000s, Egypt’s trade policy became more open on unilateral, regional, and multilateral levels. A move toward diversification of Egypt’s main trading partners was observed in the 1990s, during which Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) were signed with African, Arab, and European countries. Domestic and foreign incentives and pressures to engage...Read More


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