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Submission Guidelines
The ADP Blog is an open platform for practitioners and researchers working on development issues in Arab countries. The ADP welcomes blogs in Arabic, English and French.
 
Interested contributors are encouraged to submit their blog entries (word format, up to 700 words) by e-mail ADPblogs@arabdevelopmentportal.com, mentioning/including the following:
 

1Title of the blog

2Name of the author

3Link to source, if previously published

4Photos (if any – up to 500KB)

5Translated version of your blog (if available)

 

Please note that we reserve the right to introduce minimal edits to the submitted article to enhance the clarity of the text. Major edits will be shared with the contributors ahead of publishing.
  • Egypt's Economy: Growth and Its Composition

    Wafik Grais, 04 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    From 1990 to 2005, Egypt’s gross domestic product (GDP) saw an average growth rate of 4.2 percent per year (figure 1), associated with a shift away from agriculture towards industry and service. The service sector remains the largest contributor to GDP (figure 2) (AfDB 2013). A burst of liberalizing reforms enabled a short-lived acceleration of growth during 2005–08, interrupted by several shocks. Since the 1990s, growth has been driven mainly by domestic demand and capital accumulation. Total factor productivity and human capital accumulation due to education showed no...Read More
  • Worker Benefits in the Arab World

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Since 2010, most Arab countries—including many not visibly affected by the uprisings—have introduced or expanded worker benefits and, more broadly, social protection. These changes were additional to measures taken after the 2008 financial crisis. But the recent social benefits have been reactive and ad hoc at best, rather than being part of a clear, long-term social protection vision and development strategy. While short-term political pressures are understandable, the approach to employment creation and setting the composition and levels of benefits should be part of the overall...Read More
  • Minimum Wage in the Arab World

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Since the Arab Spring, most Arab states have increased minimum wages in the private sector, while others introduced them—as Egypt did in 2012—or ratified the Minimum Wage International Convention (C131)—as Morocco did in 2013. While other countries, such as Comoros, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, the Maldives, Oman, Sudan, and Tunisia, have not ratified the convention, they have, nevertheless, various forms of mandated minimum wages. The Republic of Yemen has ratified the convention since 1971, but as yet, has not introduced a minimum wage.   Political considerations aside,...Read More
  • Job Creation and Job Quality in the Arab World

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    From the 1980s to the early-to-mid-1990s, many countries in the Arab world experienced slow economic growth, rising unemployment, and even declining per capita incomes, reflecting macroeconomic mismanagement, lack of competitiveness, and low international oil prices. Reforms were introduced to address fiscal and structural imbalances (including high deficit, debt and inflation rates), while recognizing that the public sector could no longer act as the “employer of last resort.” The outcome—some described it as an “Arab Renaissance”—resulted in an acceleration of economic growth and...Read More
  • Active Labor Market Programs—How Do They Work?

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Active Labor Market Programs (ALMPs) are policies and projects that assist individuals to become employed or, if already employed, to move to a better job. ALMPs can include: job search assistance; public works; training and retraining; microenterprise development; and wage subsidies.   The programs rest on the assumption that there are some failures in the labor market or in other markets (for instance, monopolies in product markets or limited financial markets) or that certain market outcomes are socially unacceptable. Thus, their success depends not just on the program...Read More
  • Increasing Private Sector Investment in Water Supply Sustainability

    Shibu B. Dhar, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Once Arab governments have established robust and transparent regulatory strategies, they should be massive investment that is first required to expand water services and upgrade water and sewage systems. Over the next two decades, population in this region will exceed 600 million based on present population growth rates of Arab countries (World Bank Development Indicators Report-2014). This will require hundreds of billions of dollars of investment in the water and sanitation sector. Private sector participation (PSP) or funding for water utilities will help relieve pressure on the...Read More
  • Establishing Effective Water Tariff Policies in the Arab World

    Shibu B. Dhar, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    In recent years, given the population explosion in Arab countries, some of the major factors affecting governments’ water pricing policies include the governments’ obligation to provide affordable water supplies, the need to earn revenue to finance infrastructure in order to expand services, and governments’ emphasis on pro-poor policies. In almost all Arab countries, in absence of an independent regulator for the water sector, the government is both the service provider and regulator.   Water services in Arab countries vary widely, from the most modern municipal piped...Read More
  • Energy and Sustainability

    Walid Marrouch, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Energy usage is considered to be sustainable when energy sources are developed to meet the needs of the current generation without upsetting the capacity of future generations to meet their own. Sustainability is a multi-faced objective. When applied to energy issues, it can be examined by looking at specific indicators, which link energy usage to environmental sustainability and to economic efficiency.   Among the main global pollutants associated with economic growth are Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions, which are directly linked to climate change. Moreover, CO2 emissions...Read More
  • Renewable Energy

    Walid Marrouch, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Renewable energy is energy obtained from resources that can be naturally replenished or replaced at various rates. It includes energy derived from solar, wind, hydro, tidal, and biomass sources. In Arab countries, renewable energy sources are not adequately developed because of both natural and political constraints.   The Arab region is characterized by a lack of significant vegetation cover i.e. forests, pastures and other semi-wooded lands, as well as, river systems that reduce the potential for producing biofuels from biomass and for generating hydroelectricity from...Read More
  • Energy Poverty

    Ali Fakih, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Energy poverty refers to the lack of adequate access to modern energy amenities, such as access to electricity and modern cooking equipment at the household level. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), 18% of the world population lack access to electricity and 38% lack access to clean cooking facilities. In the Arab region, these figures translate into 9% and 4%, respectively.[1]   Compared to other developing areas i.e. South-East Asia, South Asia, Latin America, and Sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab region fares the best in terms of access to modern energy....Read More

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