Submission Guidelines
The ADP Blog is an open platform for practitioners and researchers working on development issues in Arab countries. The ADP welcomes blogs in Arabic, English and French.
Interested contributors are encouraged to submit their blog entries (word format, up to 700 words) by e-mail, mentioning/including the following:

1Title of the blog

2Name of the author

3Link to source, if previously published

4Photos (if any – up to 500KB)

5Translated version of your blog (if available)


Please note that we reserve the right to introduce minimal edits to the submitted article to enhance the clarity of the text. Major edits will be shared with the contributors ahead of publishing.
  • Entrepreneurship and Development in the Arab World: Entrepreneurial Activity – Part I

    Julia Devlin, 04 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Innovation is an important driver at the heart of the development process. Innovation creates new products, new uses for existing products, and more efficient use of inputs. Entrepreneurs are catalysts for implementing new ideas. Entrepreneurship is increasingly prevalent on the global development agenda as an important vehicle for both productivity growth and job creation.   Entrepreneurial Activity in the Arab world   In Arab countries, there were about 0.77 newly registered corporations per 1,000 working-age people (aged 15–64) in 2011, with Morocco, Oman,...Read More
  • State Banks and Limited Banking Competition in the Arab World

    Wafik Grais, 04 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    For a long time, in most of the Arab world, the dominance of state banks and often weak  regulatory environments have significantly limited  competition among financial services providers.  State banks continue to overshadow private institutions particularly in countries such as Algeria, Libya, and Syria. The same holds true for Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia, despite the significant role now played by private banks in financial intermediation.     Restrictive entry requirements inhibit market contestability.  Inadequate credit information...Read More
  • Tunisia: Mineral Resources and the Energy Deficit

    Sofiane Ghali - Co-Author: Sami Rezgui, 04 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    Compared to its neighbors Algeria and Libya, Tunisia’s energy resources are relatively modest. Since 2000, Tunisia has had a primary energy deficit, (including oil and natural gas), estimated at 1.6 million tons equivalent oil (Mteo) (2012), representing 19 percent of primary energy demand. Natural gas accounts for 53 percent of energy consumption, followed by oil (44 percent). The main energy consumers are industry (36 percent), transport (31 percent), and residential (25 percent). Primary energy consumption per capita is estimated at 0.78 tons equivalent oil (teo).  ...Read More
  • Egypt's Economy: Growth and Its Composition

    Wafik Grais, 04 Mar 2015  |  0 Comments
    From 1990 to 2005, Egypt’s gross domestic product (GDP) saw an average growth rate of 4.2 percent per year (figure 1), associated with a shift away from agriculture towards industry and service. The service sector remains the largest contributor to GDP (figure 2) (AfDB 2013). A burst of liberalizing reforms enabled a short-lived acceleration of growth during 2005–08, interrupted by several shocks. Since the 1990s, growth has been driven mainly by domestic demand and capital accumulation. Total factor productivity and human capital accumulation due to education showed no...Read More
  • Worker Benefits in the Arab World

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Since 2010, most Arab countries—including many not visibly affected by the uprisings—have introduced or expanded worker benefits and, more broadly, social protection. These changes were additional to measures taken after the 2008 financial crisis. But the recent social benefits have been reactive and ad hoc at best, rather than being part of a clear, long-term social protection vision and development strategy. While short-term political pressures are understandable, the approach to employment creation and setting the composition and levels of benefits should be part of the overall...Read More
  • Minimum Wage in the Arab World

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Since the Arab Spring, most Arab states have increased minimum wages in the private sector, while others introduced them—as Egypt did in 2012—or ratified the Minimum Wage International Convention (C131)—as Morocco did in 2013. While other countries, such as Comoros, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, the Maldives, Oman, Sudan, and Tunisia, have not ratified the convention, they have, nevertheless, various forms of mandated minimum wages. The Republic of Yemen has ratified the convention since 1971, but as yet, has not introduced a minimum wage.   Political considerations aside,...Read More
  • Job Creation and Job Quality in the Arab World

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    From the 1980s to the early-to-mid-1990s, many countries in the Arab world experienced slow economic growth, rising unemployment, and even declining per capita incomes, reflecting macroeconomic mismanagement, lack of competitiveness, and low international oil prices. Reforms were introduced to address fiscal and structural imbalances (including high deficit, debt and inflation rates), while recognizing that the public sector could no longer act as the “employer of last resort.” The outcome—some described it as an “Arab Renaissance”—resulted in an acceleration of economic growth and...Read More
  • Active Labor Market Programs—How Do They Work?

    Zafiris Tzannatos, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Active Labor Market Programs (ALMPs) are policies and projects that assist individuals to become employed or, if already employed, to move to a better job. ALMPs can include: job search assistance; public works; training and retraining; microenterprise development; and wage subsidies.   The programs rest on the assumption that there are some failures in the labor market or in other markets (for instance, monopolies in product markets or limited financial markets) or that certain market outcomes are socially unacceptable. Thus, their success depends not just on the program...Read More
  • Increasing Private Sector Investment in Water Supply Sustainability

    Shibu B. Dhar, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    Once Arab governments have established robust and transparent regulatory strategies, they should be massive investment that is first required to expand water services and upgrade water and sewage systems. Over the next two decades, population in this region will exceed 600 million based on present population growth rates of Arab countries (World Bank Development Indicators Report-2014). This will require hundreds of billions of dollars of investment in the water and sanitation sector. Private sector participation (PSP) or funding for water utilities will help relieve pressure on the...Read More
  • Establishing Effective Water Tariff Policies in the Arab World

    Shibu B. Dhar, 17 Feb 2015  |  0 Comments
    In recent years, given the population explosion in Arab countries, some of the major factors affecting governments’ water pricing policies include the governments’ obligation to provide affordable water supplies, the need to earn revenue to finance infrastructure in order to expand services, and governments’ emphasis on pro-poor policies. In almost all Arab countries, in absence of an independent regulator for the water sector, the government is both the service provider and regulator.   Water services in Arab countries vary widely, from the most modern municipal piped...Read More


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