The report includes: (1) Discussion of the scope of energy subsidies; (2) Estimates of energy subsidies, and identification of the gaps in the existing data and issues around the measurement of energy subsidies; (3) Modelling-based analysis of the implications of phasing-out energy subsidies on the economy, including socio-economic and trade impacts, the environment, and the energy sector; and (4) Suggestions for the implementation of phase-out of inefficient subsidies leading to wasteful consumption, drawing on country case studies, including discussion of how to address social impacts.

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